The Institute of Standards of Cambodia (ISC) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) have now teamed up to assist Cambodian enterprises to obtain ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and HACCP certification. After Cambodia became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in October 2004, the country has a good opportunity to access international markets being non-discrimination or other barrier but customer requirements are strong pressures to manufacturing companies, enterprises and SMEs that intent to export their products to international markets . The nature of International Standards as ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 is voluntary but when customers understand this system are very effective application in organizations,
ISO 9000 STANDARDS
The ISO 9001 Quality Management System is a tool for organizations to need to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide product that meets customer and applicable regulatory requirements and aim to enhance customer satisfaction through the effective application of the system including processes for continuous improvement of the system and the assurance of conformity to customer requirements and trading conditions. So if developing countries such as Cambodia, do no have the necessary capacity for ISO 9001 certification it is inevitable that exporters will be marginalized from global trading at a time when globalization and related trade liberalization is been viewed by developing countries as an opportunity to expand the industrial base and venture into exports led growth utilizing the lower wage costs as a comparative advantage.
ISO 14000 STANDARDS
The ISO 14001 Environmental Management System (EMS) standard specifies requirements for an organization to formulate a policy and objectives considering legislative requirements and information about significant environmental impacts. It applies to those environmental aspects which the organization can control and over which it can be expected to have an influence. It does not itself state specific environmental performance criteria. Applying this standard it mean that their organization have an involvement of protection in social-environmental impacts and also a continuous improvement system to monitor and reduce the environ- mental impact of their activities. Similar to the ISO 9001 system, compliance to the ISO 14001 system is now increasingly being required by importer countries.
The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system is a food safety management system which concentrates on the prevention of hazards and their risks from occurring at specific points in the food chain. The HACCP approach easily integrates into the Total Quality Management or ISO 9001 system. In the USA about 38 states are using HACCP as part of their regulatory process and the EU has also introduced HACCP as a mandatory standard.
The Systems Certification activities that involve assistance from ISC for conducting awareness and training programs for ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and HACCP certifications have commenced with seven members of the ISC staff having satisfactorily completed the lead auditor examination for ISO 9001 and ISO 14001. With the commencement of this activity after the setting up of the ISC’s quality management system in compliance with the requirements of the ISO/IEC Guide 62 and obtaining accreditation from a recognized accreditation body, ISC will play a role as Certification Body in Cambodia and carry out audits for client organizations like companies, enterprises, SMEs for systems certification and HACCP certification as well and carry out surveillance audit for the organizations. With the accession of Cambodia to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2004, it is inevitable that organizations in Cambodia be certified to the ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and HACCP systems in order to compete as equal partners in global trading.